PENGGUNAAN USED TO INFINITIVE, BE USED TO, DAN WOULD INFINITIVE.

Posted by on 21 January 2015 - 10:00 AM

Dalam bahasa Inggris, ketika kita ingin membicarakan tentang kebiasaan atau kegiatan yang berulang-ulang di masa lalu, kita dapat menggunakan ungkapan "used to + infinitive" yang menandakan bahwa kegiatan atau pernyataan tersebut terjadi di masa lampau. Selain itu, kita juga dapat menggunakan "would + infinitive" untuk tujuan yang sama.

Tetapi ada perbedaan antara keduanya yaitu kita dapat menggunakan "used to + infinitive" untuk mengatakan suatu pernyataan di masa lampau yang tidak lagi berlaku akan tetapi kita tidak dapat menggunakan "would + infinitive" untuk mengungkapkan pernyataan itu.

Misalnya, untuk mengatakan "dia dulu mempunyai rambut panjang" maka ungkapan yang paling cocok digunakan adalah "She used to have long hair" bukan "She would have long hair".

Used to + Infinitive

(+) S + (used to + infinitive) + o.c
(-) S + didn't + (use to + infinitive) + o.c
(?) Did + S + (use to + infinitive) + o.c ?

Example :
  1. (+) She used to wake up early. (but now she doesn't wake up early)
    (-) She didn't use to wake up early.
    (?) Did she use to wake up early?

  2. (+) He used to eat cereal for breakfast.
    (-) He didn't use to eat cereal for breakfast.
    (?) Did he use to eat cereal for breakfast?

  3. (+) Your brother used to go to the movies.
    (-) Your brother didn't use to go to the movies.
    (?) Did your brother use to go to the movies?

  4. (+) My mother used to have long hair.
    (-) My mother didn't use to have long hair.
    (?) Did my mother use to have long hair?

  5. (+) I used to see my grandmother on monday.
    (-) I didn't use to see my grandmother on monday.
    (?) Did I use to see my grandmother on monday?
Ingat :
Pada kalimat negatif dan interrogatif, "used to" berubah jadi "use to".

Be Used to + Verb-ing

(+) S + (be used to + verb-ing) + o.c
(-) S + be + not + (used to + verb-ing) + o.c
(?) Be + S + (used to + verb-ing) + o.c ?

Ungkapan ini digunakan untuk mengungkapkan sesuatu kegiatan yang kita sudah terbiasa melakukannya.
Example :
  1. (+) I am used to going to my school on foot, it is not too far for me.
    (-) I am not used to going to my school on foot, it is too far for me.
    (?) Are you used to going to your school on foot?

  2. (+) He is used to sleeping late at night, so he doesn't mind doing it.
    (-) He isn't used to sleeping late at night, so he gets hard doing it.
    (?) Is he used to sleeping late at night?
Note :
Pada kalimat negatif dan interrogative, "used to" tidak berubah.

Would + Infinitive

(+) S + (would + infinitive) + o.c
(-) S + (wouldn't + infinitive) + o.c
(?) Would + S +  infinitive + o.c ?

Example :
  1. (+) When he was a student, he would go to library on friday.
    (-) When he was a student, he wouldn't go to library on friday.
    (?) When he was a student, Would he go to library on friday?

  2. (+) When my brother lived in Jakarta, he would send me a book twice a month.
    (-) When my brother lived in Jakarta, he wouldn't send me a book twice a month.
    (?) Would He send me a book twice a month?
Note :
Ungkapan "would + infinitive" umumnya digunakan untuk menceritakan kegiatan di masa lampau akan tetapi jarang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu pernyataan seperti :
They would live in Medan.
I would have long hair.
She would get a flat nose.



Edutafsi.com adalah blog bahan belajar sekolah yang ditujukan untuk membantu murid belajar. Dukung edutafsi untuk terus berkembang dengan like laman facebook edutafsi, follow IG Tafsi Junior, dan subscribe youtube Tafsi Video. Terimakasih telah berkunjung ke blog ini. Semoga bermanfaat.

Advertisements

0 comments :

Post a Comment